Bone grafting is similar in concept to fat grafting, in that, bone is taken from one area of the body and is securely placed into another area of the body in order to correct a deformity. Bone grafting is commonly used in patients with cleft lips and palates in order to reconstruct their upper jaw. Other uses include reconstructing facial defects following trauma or cancer resection.
Bone is an excellent material to use when performing craniofacial surgery. It is strong and has the benefit of naturally becoming incorporated into the defect in which it is placed. The use of a patient’s own bone is usually preferred to the use of artificial material in craniofacial reconstruction due to a lower risk of potential complications.
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